Of What Importance Is Irrigation
Most farmers in the modern set up water their plants. Irrigation server so much importance not only to the farmer but also to the consumer of such products There are four main notable types of irrigation namely surfaces, subsurface, drip, and sprinkler irrigations. There type of irrigation one chooses depends on the size of land, the source of water and the kind of crop planted. The existing materials and accessibility to water bodies are key telling the possible outcome of the entire process. There are many advantages of irrigation. Such reasons include among others.
Most countries across the globe receive inadequate amounts of rain. The rains are not consistent and often unpredictable. As a result affected areas experience long spells. It because of this that we must seek alternatives to this situation. The only way out of this is to water crops. Once we irrigate our crops, we can ensure sustainable food production. At times the rains can be ad masters. Rains that are accompanied with hailstones are destructive to crops. Very a strong storm can cause floods that subsequently sweep away plants.
You maximize you produce through irrigation. The chances of getting the maximum output from irrigation is very high. This provident is as a result of optimal growth environments. This Means crops grow to maturity. Therefore, irrigation provide high yields. The amount of food realized is essential in sustaining the feeding partners. Poor returns often lead to hunger and starvation situation the irrigation can correct.
It is more convenient to have more than to two crops on the same piece of land at a go. Adequate water supply reduces competition from the crops for the resource. You can, therefore, plant more than one crop. It is also planted one crop at ago but change to another once you harvest the previous one. This can also be a score in helping maintain the fertility of the land. For example, growing maize together with beans.
Irrigation also reclaims bare land. When comes to land that depends on rain to be productive, the land is not adequately used. Because rains are unreliable, cultivating your entire piece of land puts you at the risk serious losses. Due to this, only use small pieces of land are cultivated minimise the losses in case the rains fail to materialise. But with irrigation, can maximum exhaust your piece of land since the availability of water is guaranteed.
Food security is the worlds most significant challenge for millions. The world population is rapidly growing, but food production is dropping. It, therefore, means that the demand for food is high than the supply. Many are therefore at risk of going without food. But with adequate investments in irrigation, this situation can be corrected and food made available to feed all. Land is available but lies bare. Putting such under irrigation can ensure no one goes without food.